Taxes are collected by governments and individuals to fund public works and programs. A tax is any financial obligation or other kind of tax levied on a taxpayer by an external agency so as to finance various public expenditures and government spending. The tax system in the UK is complex and many types of taxes are levied. There are several classifications of taxes in the UK.

Taxes in the UK 

Some taxes in the UK are based on value, while others are based on the production of wealth. Excise duties and custom duties are two kinds of indirect taxes that are levied by the government. The term customs means the direct tax that is indirectly payable by way of income. Customs duty is related to the duty on imported goods. Quotas, which are trade restrictions, are another kind of indirect taxes.

Rates of Taxation

Rates of taxation vary in accordance with the size of the country and its gross domestic product (GDP). These taxes are also affected by various indirect taxes such as property taxes, sales taxes, inheritance taxes, and inheritance tax. The main reason why taxes are levied is to support the country’s budget. Every country has a tax system in accordance with its government structure and the types of taxes levied depend on these.

Regular UK Tax Filing

In addition to regular UK tax filing, businesses and individuals can obtain a green card from the UK Revenue Service. Green card holders have the right to reside and work in Britain, but are required to pay tax on all earnings they receive. Accountants in London can assist with UK tax filing for green card holders, as well as issuing them with tax cards to ensure they pay the appropriate amount.

Direct Taxes 

Direct taxes are direct charges paid directly to the government by an individual or organization. Examples of direct taxes include income taxes, estate taxes, and personal taxes. Examples of indirect taxes are sales taxes, corporate taxes, property taxes, and income taxes. Major categories of direct taxes are: inheritance tax, property tax, sales tax, and Excise duties.

Major Organs of Government in the UK 

The government, the House of Commons, the Senate, and the House of Lords each have their own taxation system. The central government’s direct taxes are derived from the income and wealth of the nation as a whole. Federal governments in many countries levy taxes at the federal level, while local governments levy taxes at the municipal and district levels. The European Union, World Bank, and regional banks all levy taxes at both state and local levels. Major organs of government in the UK also levy indirect taxes.

UK Tax Returns

Many businesses in the UK are aware of the need to save money on UK tax returns. In many cases, they may opt to let excess cash accumulate on their tax return, instead of paying it out. This money can be used for any number of purposes, including increasing UK investments or paying employees, if necessary. However, some UK tax filers make the mistake of ignoring their tax returns altogether. While not generally considered a good strategy for minimizing a UK tax liability, neglecting to file a tax return could subject a UK citizen to criminal prosecution.

Complex Forms of Taxation

The wealth tax is one of the most complex forms of taxation in the world. It was developed to ensure that only the truly wealthy could contribute to public services. It is calculated as a percentage of wealth or income plus gifts and inheritances and is usually calculated on the basis of how much it would cost for you to receive a certain amount of money over a specified period of time. Gifts and inheritances are not taken into account in the wealth tax calculation.

Excise Duties and Customs Fees 

Excise duties and customs fees are collected by the customs and Excise authorities in each country. They represent a portion of gross national revenue. Other types of taxes include Value Added Tax (VAT), Import duties, Tariffs (essentially taxes on imported goods), and Sales Taxes. Some countries also have corporate taxes, such as India, Singapore, and Malaysia. Income and capital gains tax  is a common tax in many developed nations and is levied on passive investments such as dividends and interest.


Income, wealth, and consumption taxes further complicate the picture. Consumption taxes are commonly referred to as a “food tax”, since the tax is typically levied on the amount of money that people spend. These taxes are designed to support the National Food Security Program, which is designed to keep the nation’s staple food supply safe from food-borne illnesses. Consumption taxes, on the other hand, are measured on the amount of money that people spend on luxury items, such as fashion products and foreign travel.

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